Lecture 16 (3:30)

Lecture 16 (3:30) - Ch 9 Emotion & Motivation Emotion...

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1 Stimulus bear in the woods Perception see the bear Emotion fear physio arousal pounding heart Emotion Emotions Feeling states that include several components: Physiological Internal physical changes related to arousal Rapid heart beat, butterflies in stomach Expressive/Behavioral Outward manifestations/behaviors of an emotional state. Running away, clenching fists, etc. Cognitive mental assessment of what’s going on o thoughts, values, & expectations “That’s great news!” “This is horrible.” Emotion & the Nervous Systems: Central Generation of emotion and experience of those emotions in the brain (e.g., amygdala, prefrontal cortex) Peripheral Autonomic activity: physiological changes associated w/ emotional arousal o Sympathetic & Parasympathetic Can be measured via heart rate, skin conductance, EEG, temperature, brain activity/fMRI, facial expression, etc. Some emotions suggest different physiological patterns or autonomic signatures Though some share sim signatures. THEORIES OF EMOTION Common Sense Theory suggests you first perceive the stimulus, which leads to emotion, resulting in physiological arousal.
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2 James-Lange Theory Emotion arises from physiological arousal this arousal precedes & determines the emotion; we infer emotional states from this arousal o happiness results from smiling; sadness from crying Cannon-Bard Theory Physiological arousal just one component but too slow to precede many "feelings" and too diffuse to be the defining characteristic It's not a cause--it just occurs simultaneously w/ a subjective component experienced in the brain (thalamus) Schacter Two-Factor We experience the arousal… then search the situation for a source to attribute the arousal to, providing a cognitive label for the situation Both factors important, but the label determines the emotion Zajonc- Primacy of Emotion Emotion is at least partially independent of cognition and a cognitive label emotion sometimes comes first can feel emotions w/o the label , w/o knowing "why" o E.g., mere exposure effect repeated exposure to a stimulus makes us more
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2012 for the course PSYC 001 taught by Professor Rozin during the Fall '07 term at UPenn.

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Lecture 16 (3:30) - Ch 9 Emotion & Motivation Emotion...

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