5ExistentialismK

5ExistentialismK - Kierkegaard Fear and Trembling Text:...

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Kierkegaard Fear and Trembling Text: Problema II Title: “The Absolute Duty to God” Prof. Mark Alznauer
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What does it mean to have a duty to  God? “The ethical is the universal, and as such it is also the  divine. Thus it is proper to say that every duty is  essentially a duty to God, but if no more can be said  than this, then it is also said that I have no duty to  God.” ( FT , 68) 1. In what sense is every duty be seen a duty to God? 2. Why does this imply that I have no duty to God? Key difference : a duty merely traced to God versus  one in which you enter into a direct relationship with  God.
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The “commensurability” thesis According to Hegel, “the outer” is higher than  “the inner.” Analogy of the child. What matters is the external deed, not  subjective qualifications: feeling, mood,  intention, passion. In order to know if someone loves God, e.g.,  see whether they treat their neighbor with  love.  “The intention is manifest in the deed.” This implies that all interiorities are  commensurable, or can be judged in terms of,  the value of their external expression in action.
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The “incommensurability” thesis According to Kierkegaard, the “inner” is higher  than the “outer.” What matters is subjective qualifications or  interiority of the agent, not the external deed. In order to know if someone loves God, e.g., one  must see into his heart. “As a man thinketh in his  heart, so is he” (Proverbs 23:7) Hence the possibility of incommensurability: an  interiority that cannot be judged according to a  common measure.
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Why isn’t the priority of the inner  subjectivism? Subjectivism: 1) inner is feelings,  moods, idiosyncrasies. 2) it is not preceded by  any moment 3) it commences  according to the  understanding 4) it is easy Faith: 1.) inner is passion,  anxiety, fear 2.) it is preceded by the  movement of infinity,  respects the beauty of  the ethical 3.) it commences by  virtue of the absurd 4) it is hard
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course PHIL 210 taught by Professor Saarbaker during the Winter '07 term at Northwestern.

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5ExistentialismK - Kierkegaard Fear and Trembling Text:...

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