6ExistentialismN

6ExistentialismN - Nietzsche The Gay Science Text: Preface,...

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Nietzsche The Gay Science Text: Preface, Sections 1-21 Title: “Philosopher as physician” Prof. Mark Alznauer
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Die fröhliche Wissenschaft ” and the  experience of convalescence “This book might need more than one preface and in  the end there would still be room for doubting  whether someone who has not experienced something  similar could, by means of prefaces, be brought  closer to the  experiences  [ Erlebnisse ] of this book”  (3) It presupposes a mind that has “patiently resisted a  terrible, long pressure—patiently, severely coldly,  without yielding, but also without hope—and is now  all of a sudden attacked by hope, by hope for health,  by the  intoxication  of recovery” (3).
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What is sickness and what health? His sickness was “radical seclusion as a self-defense  against a pathologically clairvoyant contempt for  humanity, this limitation in principle to what was  bitter, harsh, painful to know, as prescribed by the  nausea  that had gradually developed from an  incautious and excessively luxurious spiritual diet  called romanticism” (4) Health is “a reawakened faith in a tomorrow and in a  day after tomorrow…of goals [ Zielen ] that are  permitted and believed in again” (3).  Or as he puts it  in Ecce Homo , it is the possibility of “dancing over  morality.”  
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Nietzsche as “philosophical  psychologist” Key question : what is the relationship between health  and philosophy? (4) Hypothesis : “The unconscious disguise of  physiological needs under the cloak of the objective,  ideal, purely spiritual goes frighteningly far and I  have asked myself whether, on a grand scale,  philosophy has not been merely an interpretation of  the body and a  misunderstanding of the body.   Behind  the highest value judgments that have hitherto guided  the history of thought are concealed  misunderstandings of the physical constitution…”  (5). 
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Philosophy as need, a response to  sickness
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course PHIL 210 taught by Professor Saarbaker during the Winter '07 term at Northwestern.

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6ExistentialismN - Nietzsche The Gay Science Text: Preface,...

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