7ExistentialismN

7ExistentialismN - Nietzsche The Gay Science Text Book...

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Unformatted text preview: Nietzsche The Gay Science Text: Book III & IV (selections) Title: “The death of God” Prof. Mark Alznauer The madman ( GS §125) Why do the people in the marketplace laugh at the madman for saying I seek God ? What does it mean when the madman says God is dead and that we have killed God ? Why might the greatness of this deed be too great for us ? Why does the madman think he has come too early ? The Death of God 1. Religious consequences: the Christian God has become unbelievable ( GS §343). 2. Cosmological consequences: nature must be de-deified ( GS §109, 112). 3. Epistemological consequences: knowledge must be naturalized (GS §110-11, 113). 4. Moral consequences: the removal of “humanity, humaneness, and human dignity” ( GS §114-123). 1. Religious consequences: against the Christian God. “What is now decisive against Christianity is our taste, no longer our reasons” (§132) “The change in general taste is more powerful than that of opinions. Opinions, along with all proofs, refutations, and the whole intellectual masquerade, are merely symptoms of a change of taste and most certainly not what they are often taken to be, its causes. What changes taste? The fact that some individuals who are powerful announce without any shame, hoc est ridiculum ” (§39) “‘If I love you is that your concern’ is a sufficient critique of all Christianity” (§141). 2. Cosmological consequences: against residual teleology in nature. “After Buddha was dead, his shadow was still shown for centuries in a cave--a tremendous, gruesome shadow. God is dead; but given the way of men, there may be caves for thousands of years in which his shadow will still be shown. --And we--we still his shadow will still be shown....
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course PHIL 210 taught by Professor Saarbaker during the Winter '07 term at Northwestern.

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7ExistentialismN - Nietzsche The Gay Science Text Book...

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