9ExistentialismN

9ExistentialismN - Nietzsche The Gay Science Text Book V(370383 Title"On interpretation Professor Mark Alznauer Interpretation and falsification

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Nietzsche The Gay Science Text: Book V (§§370-383) Title: “On interpretation” Professor Mark Alznauer
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Interpretation and falsification 1. We have a violent  internal physiological  stimulus which is  unknowable. 2. This is unconsciously and  interpreted by the intellect  as pain  or  pleasure  according to our needs,  drives, etc. 3. We consciously  experience  pain or pleasure. 4. We act in some way  1. We have an external  physiological stimulus  which is unknowable 2. This is unconsciously and  arbitrarily “turned into a  picture—our picture”  according to our needs. 3. We become conscious of  a sensible experience. 4. We make a judgment  about that experience.
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Interpretation and honesty The scope of the moral .—As soon as we see a new picture,  we immediately construct it with the help of all of the old  experiences we have had depending on the degree of our  honesty and justice. There are no experiences other than moral  ones, not even in the realm of sense perception” (§114) “As interpreters of our experiences .—One type of honesty has  been alien to all religion-founders and such: they have not  made their experiences a matter of conscience for their  knowledge. ‘What did I really experience? What was going on  inside and around me?. ..’ None of them have asked such  questions…But we reason-thirsty ones want to face our  experiences as sternly as we would a scientific experiment,  hour by hour, day by day! We want to be our own experiments  and guinea pigs!” (§319)
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Religious interpretations of the world  (§353) Given the existence of the herd animal with its  profound mediocrity, timidity, boredom; how do you  establish a religion? 1. Posit a particular kind of life and everyday custom  which has the effect of disciplining the will and  abolishing boredom. 2. Bestow on this lifestyle an interpretation that  makes it appear to be illuminated by the highest  value. “The significance and originality of the founder of a 
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course PHIL 210 taught by Professor Saarbaker during the Winter '07 term at Northwestern.

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9ExistentialismN - Nietzsche The Gay Science Text Book V(370383 Title"On interpretation Professor Mark Alznauer Interpretation and falsification

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