Hist 201 Euro Civ

Hist 201 Euro Civ - European Civilization Day One History...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
European Civilization Day One History is social developments, demography, sciences, lit + art, culture and behavior, inventions + discoveries, food + clothes, conventional wisdom = everything Study nuances, specificities, sterotypes, their way of thinking, w/ multiple sources + critical skills West is inclusive: All religions, splits in west and east (Orthodox vs. Catholicism), Islam in Spain and Balkans, Jews and Muslims w/ high level civilizations, colonies in Asia, Africa, Americas, + all other civs (Islamic, Mongol, Chinese, Ottomans) History as a problem: Dark Ages: religion, fanaticism, persecutions Marc Bloch (founder of Annales school), Annales , and the French Historical Revolution Life of ordinary people (grass roots) Urban history, peasantry, technology, patterns Medieval civ Northwestern History and the Annales school Renaissance, new social realities, and the invention of Early Modernity Religious aspect of the west: Split of Christianity into East and West Persecutions and expulsions of non-Christians Literature from The Divine Comedy (Dante) to The Persian Letters (Montesquieu) Religious work of Renasissance philology and art Religiously-driven great discoveries Reformation and Wars between Protestants and Catholics Religiously driven scientific explorations (Christ on cannonball) 10 Things To Know About Medieval Christianity 1) Judaic sect- salvation as creed and commandments (Jewish ones) 2) St. Paul-salvation; creed but not commandments 3) Church-creed but not commandment; commandments is heresy, persecute Jews 4) No homogeneity- besieged by heresies: Manicheans and Gnostics to Judeo-Christians 5) Dogmas and Church councils-Nicea (Trinity and Easter) 6) Institutions-papacy to control the church, monestaries to educate clergy, pilgrammage to organize the masses and channel religious enthusiasm 7) Established sacraments: baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance and reconciliation, confession 8) Latin- language of officialdom, St. Jerome (did Bible translation into Latin), Vulgate (Latin translated Bible); only one Bible 9) Church as center of politics, education, art 10) Tolerance is not a virtue 10 Things To Know About Medieval Islam 1) 622 -hidjra (Mohammed’s move) from Mecca to Medina 2) 711 -Spain: from Punjab to France (conquering of Spain) (spread of Islam) 3) Triumphalism- Islam always wins ( failure is temporary, must become more religious) 4) Dar al-islam and dar al-harb (two parts of Islam; abode of Islam vs. abode of war) 5) Jihad- war between dar al-islam and dar al-harb
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6) Ummah- entirety of unified people w/ religion, just a myth (no political boundaries, which was a lie) 7) Mohammed’s four daughters and problem of political power 8) No homogeneity: Abbasides and Ummayyades, Shi’ites and Sunnis (going for power to rule based on lineage 9) Taifas from Baghdad to Toledo (city-states of Islam) 10) Territory and culture: Hellenistic legacy (literature and science, cultural shift in Muslim states) 7 Things to Know About Medieval Judaism
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 45

Hist 201 Euro Civ - European Civilization Day One History...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online