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SYNTAX 4 - 2 If there are only two levels of PS lexical and...

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1 2 3 Review: Each lexical category projects to its phrasal category Categories merge to form a higher-level category: S NP VP DET N V NP DET N THE GIRL DEFEATED THE BOY 4 The girl defeated the boy on the beach this afternoon If there are only two levels of PS, lexical and phrasal, what do we do about the following?: S NP VP defeated the boy on the beach this afternoon V NP NP PP The girl 5 Not only are lexical and phrasal categories necessary, but intermediate categories (between lexical and phrasal categories) are also required: S NP VP V NP The girl defeated the boy 6 S NP V’ V NP The girl defeated the boy VP PP P NP on the beach
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2 7 S NP V NP The girl defeated the boy PP P NP on the beach VP V’ V’ NP DET N this afternoon 8 Headedness , or head of phrase . The notion head embodies the insight that the head node shares some fundamental properties with the phrasal node containing it. The verb (V) defeated is the head of the VP, defeated the boy on the beach this afternoon
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