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Unformatted text preview: Campbell's Biology, 9e (Reece et al.) Chapter 31 Fungi Though fungal divisions have traditionally been based on modes of sexual reproduction, molecular considerations are becoming more important. Consequently, no emphasis has been placed on the vagaries of sexual and asexual reproduction among various fungi in this Test Bank. Instead, new questions assess students abilities to think logically about fungal morphology, genetics, and ecology. Two new sets of scenario questions deal with the biology of microsporidians and chytrids, fungi thought to play a substantial role in the worldwide decline of many amphibians. Multiple-Choice Questions 1) The hydrolytic digestion of which of the following should produce monomers that are aminated (i.e., have an amine group attached) molecules of -glucose? A) insect exoskeleton B) plant cell walls C) fungal cell walls D) Three of these responses are correct. E) Two of these responses are correct. Answer: E Topic: Concept 31.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 2) If all fungi in an environment that perform decomposition were to suddenly die, then which group of organisms should benefit most, due to the fact that their fungal competitors have been removed? A) plants B) protists C) prokaryotes D) animals E) mutualistic fungi Answer: C Topic: Concept 31.1 Skill: Application/Analysis 3) When a mycelium infiltrates an unexploited source of dead organic matter, what are most likely to appear within the food source soon thereafter? A) fungal haustoria B) soredia C) fungal enzymes D) increased oxygen levels E) larger bacterial populations Answer: C Topic: Concept 31.1 Skill: Application/Analysis 1 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. 4) Which of the following is a characteristic of hyphate fungi (fungi featuring hyphae)? A) They acquire their nutrients by phagocytosis. B) Their body plan is a unicellular sphere. C) Their cell walls consist mainly of cellulose microfibrils. D) They are adapted for rapid directional growth to new food sources. E) They reproduce asexually by a process known as budding. Answer: D Topic: Concept 31.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 5) The functional significance of porous septa in certain fungal hyphae is most similar to that represented by which pair of structures in animal cells and plant cells, respectively? A) desmosomes tonoplasts B) gap junctions plasmodesmata C) tight junctions plastids D) centrioles plastids E) flagella central vacuoles Answer: B Topic: Concept 31.1 Skill: Application/Analysis 6) What do fungi and arthropods have in common? A) Both groups are commonly coenocytic. B) The haploid state is dominant in both groups. C) Both groups are predominantly heterotrophs that ingest their food....
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