Chapter24IM

Chapter24IM - Chapter 24 Organic Chemistry Organic...

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Chapter 24 Organic Chemistry Organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds excluding CO, CO 2 , CS 2 , bicarbonates, carbonates, and cyanides. Upon completion of this chapter, your students should be able to: 1. Write the general formula and provide examples for each of the following organic functional groups: a. alkane b. alkene c. alkyne d. cycloalkane e. aromatic f. alcohol g. ether h. aldehyde i. ketone j. carboxylic acid k. ester l. amine 2. Use IUPAC rules to name the following: a. alkanes b. alkenes c. alkynes d. aromatics 3. Draw and name all of the possible isomers given the chemical formula of an alkane. 4. Use the following groups in naming organic compounds: a. methyl
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b. ethyl c. n-propyl d. n-butyl e. isopropyl f. t-butyl g. amino h. fluoro i. chloro j. bromo k. iodo l. nitro m. vinyl 5. Define a free radical and show by a chemical reaction the steps in which chlorine can be used to generate free radicals. 6. Cite an example of a substituted alkane that is optically active. Specify cis and trans to geometric isomers of alkenes. 7. Use the terms olefin, unsaturated, and addition reaction to describe the properties and reactions of alkenes. 8. Predict polarity and expected boiling point trends for geometric isomers. 9. Describe the concept of resonance in aromatic compounds. 10. Explain why aromatic compounds undergo substitution reactions rather than addition reactions. 11. Give the chemical formulas for the following: a. wood alcohol (methanol) b. ethyl alcohol (ethanol) c. rubbing alcohol (2-proponol or isopropanol) d. ethylene glycol
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12. ExplainRelate how a condensation reaction is characterized. 13. Define carbonyl and cite an example of the difference in the chemical structures of
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Chapter24IM - Chapter 24 Organic Chemistry Organic...

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