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Z02_REEC5174_09_IE_APPB - Appendix B An Introduction to...

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Appendix B An Introduction to Data Analysis and Graphing for a Mac This appendix provides a quick introduction to the use of some of the data analysis and graphing capabilities of one of the more commonly used computer programs, Excel. This and other similar software systems make it much easier to graph and analyze large data sets. 1.TO SET UP EXCEL FOR DATA ANALYSIS AND GRAPHING Open Excel and activate the “Data Analysis” tool. o Under the “Tools” pull-down menu, look for “Data Analysis.” o If you don’t see “Data Analysis,” look for “Add-Ins.” Click on “Data Analysis” or “Add-Ins” and select “Analysis ToolPack”; then click “OK.” o If you did a custom install instead of a complete install of Excel, you may not find “Analysis ToolPack” under “Add-Ins.” If this is the case, go to your original installation CD to add this feature. Enter the data to be analyzed or graphed in columns on the Excel spreadsheet. o If you want to graph height versus arm length, enter the data in two columns with the data you want to appear on the y -axis (independent variable) of a graph in the right-hand column. o The data to appear on the x -axis (dependent variable) should be in the adjacent left-hand column. o For example: A B C 1 Gender Arm Length (cm) Height (cm) 2 3 f 73.7 170.2 4 m 76.7 177.8 5 m 71.1 170.2 6 f 66 165.1 7 f 68.6 172.7 8 m 76.7 172.7 9 m 78.7 177.8 10 m 81.3 182.9 2. TO SORT THE DATA In the upper left-hand corner of the Excel spreadsheet, click the box between Row 1 and Column A. The whole table should be highlighted when you do this. Reece_IG App B-1
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Pull down the “Data” menu at the top of the screen and click “Sort.” If you have headers or titles on your columns, click the ° in front of “Header row.” Select the column you want to sort by (e.g., Gender). Select either “Ascending” if you want the sort to go from low to high (or A to Z) or “Descending” for high to low (or Z to A). Click “OK.” 3. TO GET DESCRIPTIVE/SUMMARY STATISTICS FOR THE DATA a. Pull down the “Tools” menu at the top of the Excel spreadsheet and click on “Data Analysis.” b. Click on “Descriptive Statistics” and then “OK.” In the window that appears, for input range click on the icon to the right of the “Input Range:” box.
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