ARSnotes#4

ARSnotes#4 - ARS 102 11/15/11 Russian Avant-Garde Themes...

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ARS 102 11/15/11 Russian Avant-Garde Themes Constructivism Suprematism Constructivism o Truth to material—material dictates form. Undecorated material. o Exposes process of its making o Engineered art and exposed making Art is engineered in that it is constructed or assembled Exposed structure Engineered building displays how it was assembled o Social purpose— Suprematism o Pure feeling o Zero of painting—art without a purpose o Rejection of illusionism o Stripped of reference to real world Neoplasticism themes Universal—that which is constant across the cosmos Balanced oppositions o Universal and truth—balanced opposition of horizontal and vertical Rejection of illusionism Depression era America painting (American Scene Painters) Themes: o Changing America o Search for unique American art that reflected “American values” o Socially relevant art o Capture American past values “disappearing” because of urbanism o Realist art that reflected abstraction o Regionalism—anti-modern and nostalgic return to mythical heartland of America Bauhaus Themes o Social purpose or art o Truth to materials aesthetic—material dictates form and pleasure o Industrial materials o Reveals the buildings structure and engineering o Simple masses and geometries o Gropius’ principles o Basic design
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o Total Architecture—unity of art, architecture and design o Machine age technologies and materials Eiffel Towel – Iron, Structure itself is design Crystal Palace – interior support Today: Postwar Figuration/ Expressionism Abstract Expressionism Post-Painterly Abstraction Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns and the critique of Abstract Expressionism – two very important mid-century artists. Art after WWII o Historical context 35 million people dead Whole cities and infrastructures destroyed Potential for human annihilation Holocaust Atomic bomb Questioning of human existence Postwar figuration/ expressionism Human alienation Dependence of human consciousness on the world o Always trying to make connections with something in the world to make ourselves whole o We don’t exist without the structure of thought Distorted figures
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Alberto Giacometti, Three Men Walking, 1948 Dubuffet o Art Informel o Haute pates (raised pastes) o Deskilling—nothing special was used to make the works o Value of mud and filth Basis of life o Primitive ideas: return to childhood Remove oneself from world, paint like a child o “How can I find new meaning when the war has destroyed the world’s sense of meaning?” Francis Bacon, 1946 o “An attempt to remake the violence of reality itself…” o Figures in cages: separation, alienated Art after WWII—
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2012 for the course ARS 102 taught by Professor Petersen during the Spring '06 term at ASU.

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ARSnotes#4 - ARS 102 11/15/11 Russian Avant-Garde Themes...

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