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Test #1 notes

Test #1 notes - I*Formal vocabulary of Art A Line Contour...

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I. *Formal vocabulary of Art A. * Line Contour line- created by edges of things Actual line - connected and continuous * Implied line - completed by the viewer 1. Functions of line a. Diagonal line- motion b. Horizontal- stability B. *Color 1. Analogous: lie next to each other on the color wheel, soothing 2. Complementary: Lie opposite each other, jarring 3. Cool colors recede- green-blues 4. Warm colors advance- yellow, orange, and red 5. Colors can structure and be expressive C. *Space Illusionistic space - the depiction of 3D space on a 2D surface 1. Ways to create space: Linear perspective : mathematical method for producing illusions of depth (Hallmark of Renaissance) Atmospheric perspective: differences in texture, brightness, color saturation Relative Scale: Size difference between figures D. *Shape/Form Curvilinear - movement and flow Rectilinear- static and stable E. *Composition- the organization of formal elements 1. Proportion: the relationship of size between different parts 2. Balance: Where the weight is a. Symmetry and asymmetry b. Stable and dynamic II. Interpreting art A. Historical context B. Cultural context C. *Stylistic: Unique use of formal elements and composition that distinguishes art based on artist, location, and/or time period III. Italy 1200-1400 A. Historical Context 1. Admiration for classical art (Greece and Roman antiquity) 2. Prosperous city-states 3. Black death 4. Vernacular literature- more common people could read 5. Tuscany B. Cultural Context 1. Renaissance- rebirth of classical thought and forms 2. Renaissance themes
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a. Naturalism b. Humanism c. Conception of space C. *Stylistic Characteristics 1. Byzantine 2. Classical 3. International style (Blend) D. Naturalism 1. Close observation of the world and nature 2. Observation of the world is valued as much as religious beliefs 3. Individualized, realistic, see the body underneath, expressions are life like—more of a human presence E. Humanism 1. Humanity is the measure of all things 2. Revved interest in Classical cultures 3. Interest in human form 4. No longer just waiting to die to (hopefully) go to Heaven 5. Contrapposto: The stance of the human body in which one leg bears the weight while the other is relaxed, creating an asymmetry in the hip-shoulder axis F. *Byzantine stylistic characteristics 1. Frontal/Lateral figures 2. Schematized draperies 3. Flattened picture/space 4. Weightless, elongated figures 5. Expressionless faces 6. Static poses and gestures G. *Italian influence- naturalism 1. Deeper space 2. Movement and vitality 3. Gravity and weight- modeling: (technique artists use to make an object look 3D) H. Giotto’s style 1. Naturalism a. Sculptural mass vs. spiritual immateriality (angels are part of the space, not floating off) b. Spatial recession – no longer stacked, on a floor that naturally recedes 2. Human drama a. Meditation of angels- guarding the space in the picture to our world, introduce us to the Virgin Mary b. Human gestures c. Reverential gazes
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Test #1 notes - I*Formal vocabulary of Art A Line Contour...

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