Test #2 notes

Test #2 notes - Northern Europe 1500 1600 Historical...

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Northern Europe 1500- 1600 Historical Context o Protestant Reformation -1517 Dissatisfaction with church; very corrupt, selling of indulgencies and appointments Martin Luther 95 thesis o Iconoclasm (construction of images) and wariness of images for worship Cultural Context o Focus on everyday world outside the church o Discovery of world through exploration and business o Northern humanism filtered from Italy Stylistic characteristics o Continued interested in descriptive realism of particulars and fragmentary realism o Incidental detail (“stuff”) without religious symbolism o New genres that focused on the world—portrait, still-life, landscapes o Immediacy —capturing the unposed gestures and details of the scene. Mattias Grunewald, Isenheim Altarpiece, 1510-1515
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Focus on world—context of the work is bound up with the specifics of its setting in a hospital o You go to hospitals to die; gruesome painting o Opened, Jesus loses an arm, two legs; amputation Sun burns off clothes to show angelic Jesus o Physical illness= manifestation of spiritual illness Portraiture o Quintin Massys, Portrait of a Man With Glasses, 1515 Incidental detail o Idiosyncratic gesture, Realistic gesture, human-like o Response to surroundings o Personalized facial features; Flabs of skin, bulbous nose, beady eyes. showing age o Objects Immediacy of the moment o Not a posed picture o Almost a photographic, snapshot like quality; captured in spontaneous moment o Domenico Ghirlandio, Giovanna Tornabuoni, 1488 o Sandro Botticelli, Man Holding a Medal, 1470 o Hans Holbein the Younger, The French Ambassadors, 1533
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Importance of detail and objects Puzzle-like treatment of space Scull distorted in picture Anamorphosis Have to move yourself to side of picture to see the scull Albrect Durer, A Small House In The Middle Of The Pond, 1495, watercolor Albrect Durer, Fall of Man (Adam and Eve), 1504 Thought artist needed to be a craftsman, educated thinker Took trip to Italy, learned contrapposto Albrect Durer, Great Piece Of Turf, 1503 o Incidental detail o Italian influence—scientific study of landscape Joachim Patnir, Landscape with Saint Jerome, 1520-1524
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o Landscape is subject o Landscape organizes religious elements o Inverted composition – landscape dominates religious content (Jerome went into the wilderness to get away from world (stormy sky) pulls thorn out of Lion’s foot, becomes his pet) Quintin Massys, Money-Changer and His Wife, 1514 o New genre of still life, maybe portrait o Incidental detail—“stuff” on table and shelves” o Immediacy- very human like glance of wife, acting hands 1. Immediacy: The subjects are not posed, they are involved in their work of counting the money, eyes both fixed on one coin. She is in the middle of turning one page in her book. His fingers are curved around the coin unnaturally. (weighing coin to make sure there are no shavings)
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Test #2 notes - Northern Europe 1500 1600 Historical...

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