Test #3 Notes

Test #3 Notes - 10/11/11 Test #3 Notes Photography and...

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10/11/11 Test #3 Notes Photography and proto- cinema Themes: Logic of photographic seeing Mass Culture Coherent and constructed subjects Photographic truth Visual entertainments made visible that which was impossible to believe. Alfred Stieglitz, Sun Rays-Paula-Berlin , 1889 Photo of photo, surreal scene Broken sun beams give photograph a geometric appearance Lack of light creates disturbing aesthetic Icon Symbol Index A sign that creates meaning through similarity A sign that creates meaning through convention—it is a socially agreed upon stand-in for what it refers to A sign that creates meaning through contingency or physical connection—it is the trace of its referent Logic of photographic seeing Machine vision o Objective clarity of detail o Ability to see things never seen before because of the machine Mechanical reproduction—the photograph can be made over and over Index of light—the photograph is a light trace of actual reality
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Daguerreotype (Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre) Not reproducible Latent development—image revealed through treatment with chemical solutions Fixable image—no longer responsive to light Calotype Henry Fox Talbot Produced a negative Had texture of the paper on which it was printed thereby reduced detail Nadar, Eugène Delacroix , 1855 Wet plate technology Photograph exposed, developed, and fixed while it was wet More sensitivity to detail and value Produced glass negatives Coherent subject—the photograph reveal the inner self Constructed subject Coherent subject Photograph produces the self Beginning of a public self and celebrity culture The masses—large groups of people treated as a single entity The photograph reveals the inner self Temporality of the photograph Captures and preserves the instantaneous moment Paradoxically preserves a moment that has already passed Photgraphic truth The photograph carries the burden of evidence o Indexical quality o Machine objectivity Constructed meaning Connotative meaning Denotative meaning Meaning in not intrinsic to the photograph but is built in a variety of ways Uses cultural and aesthetic codes to suggest or associate the image with something not shown Means what it records Captions narrate the photograph and create a
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meaning Timothy O’Sullivan, A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July, 1863 Captions narrate the photograph and create a meaning Constructed meaning: harvest of death as a metaphor Connotative meaning Denotative meaning Protocinema Period of intense visual entertainments in the 19th century Made visible that which was impossible to believe, including moving images Photography could show us things that we could not otherwise see Chronograph Eadweard Muybridge, Horse Galloping , 1878 Sequential photography that analyzes motion Allowed us to see aspects of movement that evaded
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Test #3 Notes - 10/11/11 Test #3 Notes Photography and...

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