SOC 100 Notes

SOC 100 Notes - SOC 100 Notes 22:58 Human behavior is...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: SOC 100 Notes 22:58 Human behavior is motivated by two fears: Fear of rejection Fear of losing control Individuals responses to these fears gave rise to the study of psychology Groups or societies responses to these fears gave rise to the study of sociology Sociology and Science In 1830, Auguste Comte coined the term, sociology Sociology means the study of society We study sociology to: Understand our environment Why war, peace, affluence, poverty Recognize some type of order Predict future events Revolution, economic booms/busts Understand peoples behavior Understand historic influences on the present time Sociological Imagination The ability to see the impact of social forces on our private lives. Coined by C. Wright Mills in 1959 To explain why we are the way we are, we must understand the interpersonal, historical, cultural, and organizational environments we inhabit. Historical Era Religion Gender Skin color Environment SES Culture Family No matter how personal we think our experiences are, many of them can be seen as a product of society-wide forces. We study sociology by using theories Different theories represent their own way of understanding society They help us focus our understanding of society They help us organize our thoughts about doing research Research is about collecting hard data or facts that help us understand how and why society is the way it is Attitudes toward certain people, events, and actions are often hidden. We do not know we have them until we leave our culture and enter another that has different attitudes. Furthermore, social attitudes are emotionally laden, and people, or whole societies, are often unwilling to analyze or explore them and their effects on society Sociological imagination also exposes internal social attitudes toward ascribed characteristics, that is, attitudes toward the social position we acquire at birth or take on involuntarily later in life Sociological Mindfulness The practice of tuning-in to how the social world works See society as it really is See that peoples behavior is a responses to the conditions in which they live See that social life consists of patterns within patterns See how we are all interdependent with others See how power is exercised See how the social world is created by people See how inequalities are created and maintained We study sociology by using theories Different theories represent their own way of understanding society They help us focus our understanding of society They help us organize our thoughts about doing research Research is about collecting hard data or facts that help us understand how and why society is the way it is Sociological theories Macro theories Structural-Functional paradigm Social-Conflict paradigm Micro theory Symbolic-Interaction paradigm Global theories Modernization theory World System theory Structural-Functional paradigm...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/09/2012 for the course SOC 100 taught by Professor Damgaard during the Fall '11 term at ASU.

Page1 / 48

SOC 100 Notes - SOC 100 Notes 22:58 Human behavior is...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online