Information System: Concepts and Management
Information Technology (IT): An organization’s collection of information resources, the users of
these resources, and the management that oversees these resources.
Elementary description of things, events, activities and transactions that are recorded,
classified and stored but are not organized to convey any specific meaning. E.g., Student ID, GPA
Data organized so that they have meaning and value to the recipient. E.g. Lists of
students name and their overall GPA.
Data and/or information organized and processed to convey understanding,
experience, accumulated learning and expertise as they apply to a current problem or activity.
E.g., experience tells student with GPA over 3.0 work well, so interview only whose GPA over 3.
Information Technology Architecture.
A high-level map or plan of the information assets in an
organization, which guides current operations and is a blueprint for future directions.
Information Technology Infrastructure.
The physical facilities, IT components, IT services,
and IT personnel (management) that support an entire organization.
are computer hardware, software, communication technology that
provides fundamental IS.
management, system development, security concerns)
Information System (IS).
Collects, processes, stores, analyzes and disseminates information for
a specific purpose. Since most IS are CBIS, IS often refers to CBIS.
Computer-based Information System (CBIS).
An information system that uses computer
technology to perform some or all of its intended tasks.
is a device such as a processor, monitor, keyboard or printer
is a program or collection of programs that enable hardware to process data.
is a connecting system (wireline or wireless) that permits different computers to share
is a collection of related files or tables containing data.
are the set of instructions about how to combine the above components in order to
process information and generate the desired output.
are those individuals who use the hardware and software, interface with it, or uses its
Application program or Applications
is a computer program designed to support a specific task
, a business process or another application program.