class13 - Differences How are people different(or Nature...

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Differences (or: Nature and Nurture) How are people different? Why are people different? Some differences • Sexual identity • Sexual orientation • Happiness • “Success” and “Failure” in life -- relationships -- job satisfaction -- crime Personality Intelligence Difference #1: Personality • A person’s general style of dealing with the world, particularly with other people 1
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Difference #1: Personality • A person’s general style of dealing with the world, particularly with other people Assessing measures of personality • Reliability • Validity Usefulness of the Big 5 • Stable over many years (More stable after age 30) • Agreement across multiple observers • Predicts real-world behavior – Conscientiousness … martial fidelity – Openness … job changes – Extroverts … look people in the eye, more sexual partners Usefulness of the Big 5 • Stable over many years (More stable after age 30) • Agreement across multiple observers • Predicts real-world behavior – Conscientiousness … martial fidelity – Openness … job changes – Extroverts … look people in the eye, more sexual partner 2
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Difference #2: Intelligence • 1000 experts: • ALL: Abstract reasoning, problem-solving, capacity to acquire knowledge • MOST: memory, mental speed, linguistic competence, mathematical competence, mental speed, knowledge, creativity Difference #2: Intelligence • 1000 experts: • ALL: Abstract reasoning, problem-solving, capacity to acquire knowledge • MOST: memory, mental speed, linguistic competence, mathematical competence, mental speed, knowledge, creativity Difference #2: Intelligence • 1000 experts: • ALL: Abstract reasoning, problem-solving, capacity to acquire knowledge • MOST: memory, mental speed, linguistic
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