midterm-answer-key - INTRODUCTION (Erik Cheries) I1. Who...

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INTRODUCTION (Erik Cheries) I1. Who was "Clever Hans" and what important lesson did he contribute to psychology? (2 pts) Clever Hans was a horse. The lesson from Clever Hans is that experiments need careful controls. I2. Developmental psychologists have argued that babies have considerable inborn knowledge of the physical world. This is most similar to the view of which philosopher A. Locke B. Kant C. Descartes D. Mill I3. ______________ use the concept of ____________ to explain how sensory experiences alone could ultimately lead to complex thought. A Nativists; innateness B. Dualists; empiricism C. Physiologists; reflexology D. Empiricists; association COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT C1: It takes infants about 1 month of experience moving and observing the actions of others before they can successfully imitate facial expressions such as sticking out their tongue. TRUE FALSE C2: A developmental psychologist would like to determine whether a 5-month-old infant could discriminate a real object from a picture of that object. Describe an experiment you could run to test this using the habituation method. (3 pts) There are multiple answers to this question. The gist is that you show infants a picture of a real object many times in a row, then show them a picture or the real object to see if they look longer (dishabituate). C3: In Piaget's theory of development _____________ serve as the mental blueprints for actions. a. symbols b. schemas c. beliefs d. stages
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exist when out of view? A. Reaching B. Looking time C. fMRI D. All of the above C5: American children start pretending very early in development—at about 2 years of age. This is likely to be: A. Because American parents encourage them to do so B. Because of exposure to television and movies C. Neither of the above D. Both of the above C6: According to Piaget, a child will succeed at conservation tasks when he or she is at the: A. Sensorimotor stage B. Preoperation stage C. Concrete operation stage D. Phallic stage C7: Modular theories of social understanding are most supported by the existence of: A. High-IQ children B. Autistic children C. Retarded children D. Deaf children learning sign language LANGUAGE (Izzat Jarudi) L1: Based on the Baker chapter in the Norton readings, describe one specific difference between English and Navajo. (Your answer has to show specific knowledge of the languages—you won’t get any points for just saying that the vocabulary, or syntax, or phonology is different.) (2 pts) There are multiple answers to this question. Two good ones: non-perfectly overlapping vocabulary. Navaho has many words for “carry” but not English. Elaborate systems of prefixes on verbs in Navajo but not English. L2: Children start off being unable to distinguish between any phonemes and rapidly pick up
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2012 for the course ECON 100B taught by Professor Wood during the Spring '08 term at Berkeley.

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midterm-answer-key - INTRODUCTION (Erik Cheries) I1. Who...

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