Study+Guide+Test+3[1] with answers

Study+Guide+Test+3[1] with answers - DEP3053 Exam 3 Study...

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DEP3053 Exam 3 Study Questions Spring 2011 Exam 2: Wed. March 30-bring a #2 pencil Exam Notes: *All lecture material is important. Be sure to review text-related material that corresponds to lectures & text material identified in class (and study guide) but not covered in lecture. Exam format: Multiple choice + short answer The topics and questions listed below reflect all the topics/issues that you are responsible for. You should also study those sections of the book that overlap with the notes, but emphasis will be given to the notes An asterick* means that this material was not covered in class but you are responsible for it—For these *text book sections focus on terms in bold and major concepts and findings. L ist of Topics Covered Chapter 9 Intelligence What is intelligence? o No clear consensus Different theorists have different ideas about which attributes are core aspects of intelligence o Piaget defined as “adaptive thinking or action”. Is intelligence a single trait or separate skills? How is this examined or tested? o Both, but some early intelligence researchers believed it was one or the other. o Measured through factor analysis Identifies clusters of tests or factors that are highly correlated with one another and unrelated to other test items Each factor represents a distinct mental ability How did the following people describe the structure of intelligence: Binet, Thurstone, Spearman, Catell, Horn ( crystallized vs. fluid intelligence), Carroll o Binet: High intelligence was a higher mental age (MA) than physical age ; used a test that measured school performance (questions on information, picture completion, similarities, picture arrangement, and comprehension) o Thurstone: Found seven factors called primary mental abilities that make up Spearman’s idea of “g”. Spatial ability, perceptual speed, numerical reasoning, verbal meaning, word fluency, memory, inductive reasoning o Spearman: combines general (“g”) and specific (“s”) intelligences; 2 factor model with g at the top and different subskills linked to g
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o Catell + Horn: 2 dimensions of intellect: fluid and crystallized intelligence Fluid: basic skills associated with thinking Biological basis Reasoning, spatial orientation, speed, flexibility Crystallized: knowledge learned from culture (“game show” knowledge) Environmental basis Verbal knowledge, wisdom, practical problem solving o Carroll: three-stratum theory of intelligence Intelligence is a pyramid with g at the top, eight broad intellectual abilities at the second level, and narrower domains of each second- stratum ability at the third stratum Hierarchical models show intelligence as both a general mental ability and a number of specific abilities *See Sternberg (Triarchic theory) & Gardner(Multiple Intelligences) (pp. 348-351) o Sternberg: triarchic theory of intelligence emphasizes three aspects of intelligence: context, experience, and information-processing skills
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2012 for the course DEP 3053 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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Study+Guide+Test+3[1] with answers - DEP3053 Exam 3 Study...

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