5.3 Motivation and Emotion

5.3 Motivation and Emotion - May 3 2011 Motivation and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
May 3, 2011 Motivation and Emotion Hot Processes vs. Cold Cognition Often there has been a tension between “reason” and emotion-but this is wrong. Emotions are adaptive for survival and actually facilitate decision making. We can easily make intelligence machines-but have done very poorly in attempting to make affective or emotional machines. “Basic” Emotions structuralist idea, but functionalist basis-IS there a set of emotions that “basic” or primary? Darwin thought so. Basic emotion characteristics: - functional for survival -emerge early in life -universal across all human cultures (so should communication) -specific physiological states/experiences Basic emotions and their adaptive natures: -fear-avoid danger -anger-express dominance -sadness-stop and rethink -joy-continue action -disgust-avoid bad food -? Interest ? –exploration (no facial expression) -? Surprise ?-attend (expression, but doesn’t indicate good or bad) -? Love ?-bonding (no facial expression) Non-basic/secondary emotions also exist and are important for social relations-guilt, embarrassment, shame, etc. Seen Early in Life Babies can perceive and MIMIC basic emotional expressions at birth -spontaneously SHOW joy, interest, disgust and distress -by 10-12 months, spontaneously show all the basics -by 2 years have developed self-awareness and begin to show social emotions (must pass mirror test) -empathy is seen by 2-but egocentric empathy is until age 4-6 Universal Expression in Faces Darwin was the first to think about this ( The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals ) Ekman’s studies: -“her child has died” vs. “she has been given a gift of a new boat” with photos of white faces -People from all countries and cultures can pick the matching face. (universal language) Culture does make a difference in “display rules”-when it is appropriate to display emotion -Asians vs. North American: very different when watch emotional movie with others (Asians
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/09/2012 for the course PSYCH 110 taught by Professor Finkel during the Fall '08 term at Northwestern.

Page1 / 4

5.3 Motivation and Emotion - May 3 2011 Motivation and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online