4.28 Cognitive Psychology

4.28 Cognitive Psychology - April 28, 2011 Cognitive...

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April 28, 2011 Cognitive Psychology Cognition : mental content and processes, including and memory, also… Representation : how information is coded. Analog/sensory : corresponds to features of the stimulus Propositional/symbolic : non-sensory but meaningful, usually verbal concepts and knowledge Prototype : the best example of a concept, may be one you’ve never even seen but has many of the features of the concept Exemplar : actual examples of the concept you have experienced-often used to shape prototype; shaped by culture. Schemas and scripts: organized representations, based on experience in the world Schema : information about common situations and roles Scripts : also carry information about appropriate sequences of behavior (ex: eating in a restaurant, differs depending on type of restaurant) Problem solving Intelligence : ability to reason and use knowledge to problem solve IQ : (mental age/chronological age) x 100= IQ Average =100, >130=gifted , <70=MR Attempts to reflect thinking ability rather than preexisting knowledge, but it is often culturally biased. Predicts school performance, and in the US, correlated with occupational success. IQ is influenced by both heredity and environment. Environment
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2012 for the course PSYCH 110 taught by Professor Finkel during the Fall '08 term at Northwestern.

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4.28 Cognitive Psychology - April 28, 2011 Cognitive...

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