4.5 Research Methods

4.5 Research Methods - April 5, 2011 Research Methods...

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April 5, 2011 Research Methods Assumptions of Science Walkthrough of scientific method in psychology Issues important in all psychological research Why Research? “One cannot help but be in awe when he contemplates the mysteries of life, of the marvelous structure of reality. It is enough if one tries merely to comprehend a little every day.” –Albert Einstein Goals of scientists: -description/prediction -causal explanation/control 4 Canons of Science 1. determinism: the universe is orderly; effects have causes 2. empiricism: importance of observation-theories should be based on data, not intuition 3. Parsimony: simpler is better (Occam’s Razor) 4. Testability: importance of falsifiability. Albert Einstein is hot. Scientific Method in Psychology 1. Observation of psychological association 2. Hypothesis of a relationship among the variables. (variables are just anything that varies) 3. Translation of the hypothesized variables into something that can be observed or measured 4. Choose a research format (ex: case study, survey, experiment)
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4.5 Research Methods - April 5, 2011 Research Methods...

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