5.16 The Sociology of Urban Poverty

5.16 The Sociology of Urban Poverty - The Sociology of...

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May 16, 2011 The Sociology of Urban Poverty The Motherhood Penalty Why is there a motherhood penalty? The difference is partially explained by the differential of work interruptions and part-time work as wel as the slower accumulation of job experience. One theory is that mothers are less productice than non-mothers. Or mothers are treated differently than non-mothers. Correll used laboratory data Her data showed: Mothers are seen as less committed and less competent. Laboratory experiments are one thing, but to gauge the motherhood penalty among employers, Correll spent a year and a half responding to Sunday job ads with fictitious resumes and cover letters. This was an audit study- experimental. Two fictitious applicants were randomly chosen on gender and to be listed as parent. How far does Correll’s laboratory experiment get us to explaining the motherhood penalty in wages that shows up in survey data. (Limit: only call backs).
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5.16 The Sociology of Urban Poverty - The Sociology of...

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