5.13 Women in Science & The Motherhood Penalty

5.13 Women in Science & The Motherhood Penalty -...

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May 13, 2011 Word of the Day What causes sex segregation? Why are some occupations predominantly male? -socialization -human capital -statistical discrimination It’s no secret that there are less women in science. One influential theory revolves around the metaphor of the science pipeline. The science pipeline is a successive series of stages in the educational and professional development of scientists and engineers. The underrepresentation of women in science and engineering is seen as stemming from the narrowness of the pipeline along with higher rates of persistence for men and higher rates of attrition for women at each stage of the pipeline. Two sociologists, Xie and Shauman believe that the pipeline is perhaps valuable but also that it is too myopic and does not mesh well with the empirical data. They propose the life course perspective. A life course perspective conceives of employment is a SE field as the long-term outcome of a dynamic, flexible process that is embedded in larger social contexts and institutions, such as the family, schools and the
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2012 for the course SOC 110 taught by Professor Moskos during the Spring '08 term at Northwestern.

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5.13 Women in Science & The Motherhood Penalty -...

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