NRS 429VN DQWeek 1 DQ1Using the health belief model, how can nurses encourage patients to make immediate and permanent behavior changes; particularly as they relate to lifestyle choices?The health belief model is a concept that was created to help determine factors that impede the necessary changes or preventative measures needed when patients need to make changes regarding their health. (Champion &Skinner, 2008) This model is used by nurses to develop a plan of care for patients by taking into account different factors that may prevent them from adhering to a new lifestyle or making necessary changes that are vital to their health. This modelis more seen as a partnership between the nurse/ healthcare team and the patient instead of being seen as a “set of rules” for a patient to adhere by. The nurse needs to assess the person’s perceived seriousness of the problem, their readiness to learn, any educational deficits, and potential barriers to achieving the goal. Nurses can encourage patients to make immediate and permanent behavior changes by addressing these needs and concerns while developing the plan of care for each patient as it should be individualized on a per patient basis, not everyone can fit into a “cookie cutter” plan; and the level of adherence will not be as high. (M.H. Becker: The Health Belief Model and personal health behavior. 1974, Charles B. Slack, Thorofare, NJ.) There is definitely a psychosocial aspect here and patients should feel a part ofthe team and problem solving in their healthcare rather than just being told to what to do without support or direction. M.H. Becker: The Health Belief Model and personal health behavior. 1974, Charles B. Slack, Thorofare, NJ.V.L. Champion, C.S. Skinner: The Health Belief Model. In K. Glanz, B.K. Rimer, K. Viswanath (Eds.): Health behavior and health education: Theory, research, and practice. 4th ed., 2008, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.DQ2Refer to the assigned reading, "Guidelines for Writing Learning Objectives." How do health providers design educational programs to clearly articulate objectives to engage both patients as well as families?According to the “Guidelines for Writing Learning Objectives”, when writing an educational plan for a patient the nurse has to choose action verbs that will result in a measurable result in which we can accurately determine whether or not the goal that has been set is being met or not to reevaluate the effectiveness of the plan of care. When writing effective and lasting learning
objectives, considering the different cognitive categories is important as everyone has different learning styles. Incorporating the different styles can be helpful in means of learning, retention, and adherence of a new regimen for patients. Using these different modalities, you can customizethe learning plan for each individual patient and keep them more involved in their healthcare.