absolutism - Need Help The English Civil Wars Absolutism in...

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Need Help? The English Civil Wars: Absolutism in England…or not? Outline: I. What is Absolutism? Centralization of power, arms, justice, and the distribution of revenues under the power of the monarch Developed to strengthen the monarchs power Made monarchs less dependent on the nobility Emphasized the monarchs divine right to rule without having to consult anyone Popular in France, Austria, Prussia and other parts of Europe, but NOT England II. England in 1603: The Elizabethan Legacy Transformation of England from an isolated country to a powerful European state 1559: the Act of Uniformity returned England to Protestantism and establishes the Elizabethan settlement of religion didn’t please everyone, but left both Catholics and puritans wanting further religious reform Elizabeth’s problem: she never married, so she didn’t have any legitmate heirs to her throne. When she died in 1603, the throne passed to her closest living male relative I. The Elizabethan Settlement II. The Problem of Succession III. Introducing the Stuarts: James I (1603-1625) James had been king of Scotland since he was 13 months old, so he was a very
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astute politician by the time he became king of England in 1603 Believed that the kings authority was absolute, and that he had a divine right to power as king Clashed with the parliament over because he wanted parliament to approve his requests without listening to any of their requests or concerns Worsened England’s existing financial problems by his extravagant spending, which further strained his problems with parliament These were complicated by religious problems The English had a fear of Catholicism which dated back to the reign of Mary Tudor (Bloody Mary) 1605: these fears were made worse by the gunpowder plot o a group of Catholic conspirators, led by Guy Fawkes, planned to blow up parliament when the royal family were present Many people wanted james to join the 30 years war to fight for the Protestant cause. James confused. Ultimately, James had some absolutist ideas, but he compromised because he didn’t want to fight with parliament. Compromised for the sake of maintaining peace in england I. James I I. Early Absolutist Ideas--^^^^^^^^^^^ II. Financial Problems
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absolutism - Need Help The English Civil Wars Absolutism in...

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