HIMES 308

HIMES 308 - HIMES 308-DISCUSSION CLASS What caused the...

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HIMES 308-DISCUSSION CLASS What caused the crises of the seventeenth century: was it the weather? 2 degrees colder of average than the 16 th century volcanic eruptions el nino effect shorter grower seasons, plague, drought defenestration of Prague, 1618: the Holy Roman Empire goes to war over Bohemian independence (larger issue: will the Reformation be allowed to survive, spread?) I. The Thirty Years' War: Making the Reformation Stick A. Causes of its outbreak 1. Was it the weather? What caused the crises of the seventeenth century: was it the weather? 2 degrees colder of average than the 16 th century volcanic eruptions el nino effect shorter grower seasons, longer winters, plague, drought 2. Rising powers, declining powers; religion; trade; resistance to centralization in the HRE kings and nobles begin to prepare for some sort of war. a. The Dutch Revolt o 1578: division of the Spanish Netherlands: largely Catholic south remained under Hapsburg Battle of White Mountain, 1620 o Catholics rout Protestants at a site near Prague o HRE purges Prague, and Czech and Hungarian aristocracy of Protestants
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HIMES 308 - HIMES 308-DISCUSSION CLASS What caused the...

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