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Socl 2001 notes 1-27-2012

Socl 2001 notes 1-27-2012 - Socl Notes Friday Major...

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Socl Notes Friday 1-27-2012 Major Theories in Sociology: 1. Structural Functionalism – what makes a society “work”? Social life is organized a certain way because that way helps society run smoothly. Manifest vs. Latent Functions (Robert Merton) Manifest – runs smoothly Latent – things go wrong or don’t work at all leads to dsyfunctional society, in which people feel that the organizational structure of their society is completely messed up Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) -founder of Structural Functionalism -lived in France during industrial revolution -social turmoil, change His goal: make sociology more scientific (a “scientific basis for social oder”) one of his books: “The Division of Labor in Society” (1893) -why do people agree to participate/work in modern society? -social solidarity -why do people trust each other? -Durkheim tried to explain how this trust developed Mechanic vs. Organic Solidarity Mechanic – people trust each other because of their shared values, beliefs, norms, traditions, etc.
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