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Functionalism_Durkheim

Functionalism_Durkheim - • Religion was the key to...

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Major Theories in Sociology: Structural Functionalism January 27, 2012
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“Function” Making something work What makes society “work”, run smoothly? The ways social life is organized (structures) are that way because they help society run smoothly Manifest vs. Latent Functions (Robert Merton) dysfunction
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Emile Durkheim, founder of Structural Functionalism
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Durkheim: Key Research “The Division of Labor in Society” (1893) Why do people agree to participate, work in modern society? Social solidarity Mechanic vs. Organic solidarity Mechanic - low division of labor, Organic: high division of labor
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Durkheim: Key Research “Suicide” (1897) Why do some places have higher suicide rates than others? Social integration Lack of integration leads to anomie
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Unformatted text preview: • Religion was the key to integration at the time – Low integration into religion: higher suicide rates Structural Functionalism: Tension between Tradition and Progress • Society needs to continue to “function” despite cultural change • Social solidarity and social integration still critical to holding society (social structure) together Structural Functionalism: 20 th Century • Why is there social inequality in terms of wealth, occupations? – (Davis & Moore 1945) • Argument: inequality is functional because someone needs to fill the undesirable jobs • The most talented, skilled people fill the most important jobs • Deserve to be paid more because of the importance of their jobs, Ex: brain surgeon...
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