ART HISTORYLecture2Part2

ART HISTORYLecture2Part2 - Art in Siena Art in Siena...

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Unformatted text preview: Art in Siena Art in Siena Palazzo Pubblico, Siena, 1288­1309 Siena one of the Italian city­states like Florence or Venice Wealthy because of silk trade Art expression of civic pride Artistically, stronghold of traditionalism, Italo­ Byzantine style Duccio’s Maesta in Siena Duccio’s Duccio’s Maestà in Siena Duccio’s Duccio di Buoninsegna, Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints, central panel of Maestà altarpiece, Siena cathedral, Siena, 1308­1311, tempera o/wood Central panel in 13­feet­ high central altarpiece Duccio’s Maestà in Siena Duccio’s Iconography: Madonna enthroned surrounded by saints Crammed space for saints Gold background: Italo­ Byzantine tradition Virgin Mary patron saint of Siena: a religious monument with civic overtones Duccio’s Maestà in Siena Duccio’s Duccio’s Maestà in Siena Duccio’s Detail from Duccio’s back panel of the Maestà: Betrayal of Jesus Relaxation of strict stylistic conventions in the principal panel (see also predella panels) Classical drapery Greater naturalism; rendering of nature, trees, rocks, etc. Still, gold background of Italo­Byzantine tradition Simone Martini Simone Martini and the ‘International Style’ Simone Martini and Lippo Memmi (?), Annunciation, 1333, Tempera o/wood Iconography: Gabriel announces to Virgin the birth of Christ child White lilies: purity, virginity Side panels: Saint Ansanus and Saint Margaret (?) Simone Martini Simone Martini and the ‘International Style’ Martini was a pupil of Duccio in Siena Also worked for French kings in Naples and Sicily Came in touch with French art Absorbed influences from French Gothic style: hence, international style Gothic tracery of frame (orgives) Brilliant colors, lavish costumes, intricate ornaments Martini pushes tooling over the top The Lorenzetti Brothers: The Lorenzetti Brothers: Pietro Lorenzetti Pietro Lorenzetti, The Birth of the Virgin, Altar of Saint­Savinus, Siena Cathedral, Siena, 1342, tempera o/wood Lorenzetti also a Sienese artist trained in Duccio’s studio Iconography: Birth of Christ’s mother The Lorenzetti Brothers: The Lorenzetti Brothers: Pietro Lorenzetti Purpose: celebration of the Sienese patron saint: Religious monument with overtones of civic pride Obsession with three­ dimensional space; perspective in emphasized to attain this goal > greater realism Bright colors The Lorenzetti Brothers: The Lorenzetti Brothers: Ambrogio Lorenzetti The Lorenzetti Brothers: The Lorenzetti Brothers: Ambrogio Lorenzetti Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Peaceful City, from Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country, Sala della Pace, Palazzo, Pubblicco, Siena, 1338­ 1339, fresco Located in Siena’s town hall The Lorenzetti Brothers: The Lorenzetti Brothers: Ambrogio Lorenzetti Allegorical representation of what “good government” should help bring about: peace, prosperity, virtuous civic life Location in town hall makes it almost a work of propaganda art The Lorenzetti Brothers: The Lorenzetti Brothers: Ambrogio Lorenzetti Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Peaceful Country, from Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country, Sala della Pace, Palazzo, Pubblico, Siena, 1338­ 1339, fresco The Lorenzetti Brothers: The Lorenzetti Brothers: Ambrogio Lorenzetti Message: Good government has the same effects of the countryside as one the city: peace, trade, prosperity Rolling hills of Tuscany Lorenzetti brothers likely to have died during plague epidemic of 1348 (“Black Death”): killed between 25­50% of Europe’s population ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2012 for the course ARTH 1440 taught by Professor Camerlenghi during the Fall '11 term at LSU.

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