ARTHLecture6Part2

ARTHLecture6Part2 - Raphael Raphael The High Renaissance in...

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Unformatted text preview: Raphael: Raphael: The High Renaissance in Rome Raphael, Philosophy (School of Athens), Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican, Rome, 1509­1511, fresco Vatican: a vast treasure house filled with art Stanza della Segnatura = Room of the Signature; papal library Raphael: Raphael: The High Renaissance in Rome Library’s four walls: allegorical frescoes of Theology, Law, Poetry, and Philosophy Only “Philosophy” done by Raphael alone, other walls by students Imaginary reunion of the greatest philosophers of all ages Raphael: Raphael: The High Renaissance in Rome Center: Plato (with his book Timaeus) and Aristotle (with his Nichomachaen Ethics) Plato’s side: ancient philosophers All sitters can be identified, f. ex. Zoroaster and Ptolemy holding globes (lower right) Marble sculptures: Apollo and Athena A typical work of the culture of Humanism during the Renaissance Raphael: Raphael: The High Renaissance in Rome Raphael, Marriage of the Virgin, from the Chapel of San Francesco in Città di Castello (near Florence), 1504, oil o/wood Epitome of High Renaissance style; influence Leonardo and Michelangelo Iconography: Jacopo de Voragine’s The Golden Legend (13th century) Raphael: Raphael: The High Renaissance in Rome (Fake) Legend about encounter Mary and Joseph (Christ’s parents) Mary will be betrothed to suitor whose rod is flowering Joseph wins Mary’s heart and marries her (puts ring on her finger before priest); other suitor breaks rod Classical environment>round temple; typical one­point perspective Raphael: Raphael: The High Renaissance in Rome Raphael, Madonna in the Meadow, 1505­1506, oil o/panel Iconography known from Leonardo: Virgin with Christ child and St. John the Baptist Shows da Vinci’s influence Raphael: Raphael: The High Renaissance in Rome Raphael, Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione, 1514, oil o/wood Courtier (court official) of Pope Leo X Humanist, learned man Author of Book of the Courtier: lists qualities of a good courtier, noble descent, classical education, ability to Raphael: Raphael: The High Renaissance in Rome Portrait expresses distinction sitter Expensive coat (fur?) Neutral background: modern element ...
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