ARTHLecture7Part1

ARTHLecture7Part1 - ARTH 1441: ARTH 1441: Historical Survey...

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Unformatted text preview: ARTH 1441: ARTH 1441: Historical Survey of the Arts: Renaissance to Modern Professor: Darius A. Spieth Art History Program LSU School of Art Outline Lecture 7 Outline Lecture 7 The Venetian Republic The Renaissance in Venice – Bellini, Titian, Giorgione High Renaissance Sculpture Architecture during the High Renaissance Venice Today (and during the Venice Today (and during the Renaissance) Venice during the Renaissance Venice during the Renaissance Venice: an independent city state since early Middle Ages Located in a lagoon in Northern Italy, famous for its canals Fabulously wealthy city due to trade in the Mediterranean, Near and even the Far East (Marco Polo) Form of government: an oligarchy (rule of the few) of wealthy families under an elected doge (head of government) Art patronage as civic duty Venice during the Renaissance Venice during the Renaissance Middle Ages and Renaissance: Venice was at the height of its power/prosperity Long period of decline Started with discovery of America>shift of the center of commercial activity away from the Mediterranean End of Venetian Republic in 1798 through Napoleon Bonaparte Bellini: Bellini: A Venetian Colorist Giovanni Bellini, San Zaccaria Altarpiece, Chruch of San Zaccaria, Venice, 1505, oil o/wood Sacra conversazione = conversation of saints and Biblical figures across the ages Bellini defined Venetian style of the Cinquecento: splendid colors, serenity of composition Bellini: Bellini: A Venetian Colorist Center: Virgin Mary enthroned in niche, holding Christ child Surrounded by saints: St. Peter (keys), St. Catherine (palm, broken wheel), St. Jerome (book>Latin translation Bible) Saints can be identified by their attributes Bellini and Titian: Bellini and Titian: A Mythological Scene Giovanni Bellini and Titian, The Feast of the Gods, 1529, oil o/canvas Assembly of gods from Classical Antiquity An Arcadian setting: idealized, rustic, rural landscape; a paradise on earth (after region on Peloponneus/Greece); Louisiana: Cajun Bellini’s specialty: pastoral scenes (connotations with Bellini and Titian: Bellini and Titian: A Mythological Scene Gods engaged in casual Conversation during picnic Literary source: Classical writer Ovid (Fasti) Some deities can be identified: Bacchus, Satyr Brilliant Venetian colors, especially blue Giorgione: Giorgione: Bucolic Vistas Giorgione da Castelfranco, Pastoral Symphony, c. 1508, oil o/canvas Sometimes also attributed to Titian Another example of a pastoral scene (countryside, shepherd in the background) Voluptuousness (gentlemen dressed, the women as classical nudes), enjoyment of the senses; female muses (?) Connotations with music making, poetry Emphasis on color (colorito) over drawing (disegno) Giorgione: Giorgione: Bucolic Vistas Pastoral Symphony is a very influential work French 18th­Century Rococo art: fête champêtre (figures enjoying themselves in the landscape) Manet’s Luncheon in the Grass (1863) Giorgione: Giorgione: Bucolic Vistas Giorgione da Castelfranco, The Tempest, c. 1510, oil o/canvas Another pastoral scene Storm brewing in background: drama Despite urban background, a rural feel No identifiable iconography Relationship soldier/ guardsman (halberd) <=> woman suckling infant unclear X­ray analysis: Painting of nude woman underneath the soldier figure Titian: Titian: Venetian Aesthetics Titian, Assumption of the Virgin, Church of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice, c. 1516­1518, oil o/wood Greatest of the Venetian Colorists After Bellini’s death (1516): official painter to the Venetian Republic Idea of ascent to Heaven is visually expressed Titian: Titian: Venetian Aesthetics Titian, Madonna of the Pesaro Family, Church of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice, c. 1516­ 1518, oil o/wood Another work in the Frari church Synthesis of religious and civic virtues Donor Pesaro lower left: commander of papal fleet during the Venetian­Turkish war in the Mediterranean St. Peter in the center Emphasis on surface, texture, color, not content or design Titian: Titian: Venetian Aesthetics Titian, Meeting of Bacchus and Ariadne, 1522­1523, oil o/wood Scene from Classical mythology interpreted for Alfonso d’Este, Duke of Ferrara (humanist patron) Bacchus (god of vine and revelry) arrives on the Greek island to Naxos with his retinue to save Ariadne Tumultuous event full of references to classical art (cymbals, Laocoon group) Titian: Titian: Venetian Aesthetics Titian: Titian: Venetian Aesthetics Titian, Venus of Urbino, 1538, oil o/canvas Another private commission for an Italian princely court: Guidobaldo II, Duke of Urbino Enigmatic iconography: a courtesan (kept woman) in her bedchamber Titian: Titian: Venetian Aesthetics Identity of sitter unknown Established conventions for portraits of reclining female nudes until end of 19th century Two servants in the back are searching chest for a dress Emphasis on sensuality, ambiguity of the scene ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2012 for the course ARTH 1440 taught by Professor Camerlenghi during the Fall '11 term at LSU.

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