Lecture1-1

Lecture1-1 - ARTH 1441: ARTH 1441: Historical Survey of the...

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Unformatted text preview: ARTH 1441: ARTH 1441: Historical Survey of the Arts: Renaissance to Modern Professor: Darius A. Spieth Art History Program LSU School of Art Outline Lecture 1 Outline Lecture 1 Welcome “Do”s and “Don’t”s in the Auditorium Where to find answers Syllabus/Requirements/Technical Support What is Art History? A short history of the idea of Modernism “Do”s and “Don’t”s in the Auditorium No cell phones! No private conversations in class! Try to come on time Use sign­up sheets to sign in every day; ALWAYS pass on the sign­up sheet to your neighbor, keep it circulating If you must arrive late or leave early, do so unobtrusively If you arrive late: ask TA to sign the sign­up sheet OUTSIDE the classroom, AFTER the lecture Never submit a paper during ongoing lecture Where to find answers Where to find answers Print out and Read the Syllabus! (It will answer almost any question you might have) Class materials will be posted on Moodle (This includes Syllabus & my PowerPoint Presentation) Grades will be posted on Moodle For computer/technical problems call the IT Help Desk (578­0100). We cannot help with computer or software problems! Office hours/Open Door policy Come to class! Take notes! Textbook issue Where to find answers: Moodle Where to find answers: Moodle Requirements Requirements 3 Exams, each worth 20% of grade; 60% of final grade for all three exams 2 Written Assignment, each worth 20%; 40% of final grade for all three exams No later papers accepted after three days; prior to that, grade will be reduced by 10% per day Make­up exams are no entitlement! (require official, written documentation; recognition of documentation is entirely at the discretion of professor! – Avoid!) NO bonus point, NO “I” grades! Exams Exams Non­cumulative Multiple­choice: 20 Identifications (taken from “Essential Works” posted weekly on Moodle) + 5 Associations (art historical terminology/vocabulary; underlined terms in PowerPoints) Need to purchase large (letter­size) Scantrons Keep Scantrons in envelope Written Assignments Written Assignments Select a work of art covered in class Paper #1 topics: Material up to March 2 (due date paper #1) Paper #2 topics: Any Material covered after March 2 Write a two­page essay on why the artwork you selected is historically significant Don’t forget: Your name, give title to paper, staple paper before handing it in What is Art History? What is Art History? What is art? What is art history? What is Art History? What is Art History? What is art? Entire books written filled with definitions of art by more or less famous people Notion of art difficult to define (more true than ever in the 20th century) What is art history? Form of communication Lending a voice to the work of art, make it speak Art History Art History By definition, Art History is inter­disciplinary: Art History Literature Geography Political Events Social Shifts Intellectual History/History of Ideas (e. g. Evolution of Science) Technological Innovations, etc. Art Historical Analysis: Art Historical Analysis: An Example Jacques­Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793, Oil on canvas Formal analysis: Spatial division Colors Horizontal/Vertical emphasis No interest content, but: aids the orientation of the viewer/helps clarity of description Figurative work of art Art Historical Analysis: Art Historical Analysis: An Example Jacques­Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793, Oil on canvas Iconography (Study of the content of images): Who was Marat? (Who was David?) What event is depicted? Art Historical Analysis: Art Historical Analysis: An Example Jacques­Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793, Oil on canvas Marat: Journalist Radical French Revolutionary “Terrorist” Twenty­first Century Notions of a Twenty­first Century Notions of a Terrorist Dictionary Definition “Terrorist” (1820) “Partisan of the Terror regime organized by Robespierre, Marat and other Deputies of the Party of the Mountain” Those who voted for the death of King Louis XVI in 1792 Anti­Monarchy, Anti­ Aristocracy, Republicanism, Democracy David himself a politician who voted for the death of Louis XVI Modernism Modernism Modernism Modernism Everybody has a good idea what is modern, what is ancient But: notion can be difficult to pin down; Problem is that these notions shift over time Left: Nicolas Poussin, Ed in Arcadia Ego (c.1655)>Classicism (Ancient Greece, Rome, tradition) Right: Pablo Picasso, Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907)>Cubism (Art as an Offense, Avant­ Garde) Modernism Modernism When did it start? The term itself mentioned since the 12th century Latin “modo”: recently, just now John of Salisbury reports saying by Bernard de Chartres: Moderns the dwarfs on the shoulders of giants (the ancients) Modernism Modernism Renaissance: re­birth of classical antiquity, Renewal of art and learning, scientific discoveries, humanism (world view centers on human, not divine, perspective)>early modern? French Revolution of 1789: abolition of aristocratic privileges, all men (and women) are born with equal rights, Republicanism (res publica=common good), right to pursue happiness>political advent of modernism Modernism Modernism 1860s and 1870s: Mass­transportation, railway system, consumer goods more accessible, leisure time, large metropolitan centers expand, Haussmannization in Paris, photography replaces painting: a new role for art, radical break with traditions, conventions of representation > modernism in art: Impressionism, Post­ Impressionism, ultimately Cubism after 1907 Birth of the Avant­Garde (Advance Guard): art as an agent for change in society, Utopias, Socialism/ Communism, art needs to be radical, needs to be ahead of its time Modernism Modernism Kasimir Malevich, Suprematist Compositon: White on White, c.1918, Oil on canvas Abstract art (early 20th Century; term stands in opposition to figurative art) Abolition of recognizable reality as a means to promote social change/ bring about a universal world revolution/ express spiritual renewal Modernism Modernism Modernism is one of the central themes in this class History of how artists viewed their role with respect to their environment (mentalities) We will conclude with the criticism of the modern condition formulated by artists since approximately the 1960s>Post­modernism ...
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