Ethics test 1 review

Ethics test 1 review - Ethics First Exam Study Guide...

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Ethics First Exam Study Guide General 1. philosophy’s etymology: philia-sophia love – wisdom MacIntyre 1. The good (agathos) in Homeric times: what is kingly, courageous and cunning 2. The Sophists: rhetoricians /lawyers, tried to profit off of what they knew The Sophists believed the good life was being successful as a citizen and used rhetoric to support their points even if not moral, abused morals within law courts, and Socrates wanted to inquire to the truth of them 3. Differences between Ancient Greek and more recent approaches to ethics: The Ancient Question: what is the good life for me?(individualistic/individual function) > knowing what function one played and learning to accept that function, large attachment to one’s function The Modern Question: How am I to conduct myself as a man? (more generalized) Plato: 1. Socrates begins talking about piety to Euthyphro when he questions Euthyphro as to why he believes his decision in prosecuting his father for murdering a servant that murdered another servant is a pious decision. Socrates wants us to inquire into our moral concepts. We have experiences which inquire into moral concepts. The Socratic method of questioning continues by constantly drawing to questions to each answer in an attempt to reach a better definition. Socrates also asserts that examples are not sufficient definitions. 2. Apology Plot: Meletus brings Socrates to trial on charge of corrupting youth and not believing in the gods Found Guilty by narrow margin Sentenced to death Socrates proposes that he should be rewarded of a great feast set for a god for improving the youth 3. Socrates believes it is necessary to both obey and question authority. He initially questions their believes and the charge brought against him but then obeys their sentence to death because as a member of the Athenian state it is his duty to obey their laws since they provided him with so much and he has an obligation to the state. But need to question popular opinion. 4.
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Ethics test 1 review - Ethics First Exam Study Guide...

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