Soc 101 Test 1 Review

Soc 101 Test 1 Review - Soc 101 Test 1 Review Week 1...

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Soc 101 Test 1 Review Week 1: Connecting Society and the Invdividual: Mill’s Sociological Imagination: Personal trouble: something valued by the individual is threatened ie. Divorce and reason for. . Public Issue: something valued by public is threatened ie. Divorce rate of 1:2 often times personal troubles are attached to public issues Sociological Imagination: relates to finding your place within society and how if its one person it doesn’t influence society but if its everyone than each persons situation defines the social rules and those in turn affect how people deal with their individual situations Empirical Example: Suicide Durkhiem social causes of suicide: Analyzed reasons for higher suicide rates in different countries Attributed to: 1. Social Causes: one’s link to society is critical to one’s well being 2. Degree of Social Integration: strength of group ties related to suicide rates 3. Degree of Social Regulation: the need for social rules and norms When one finds themselves in a new role there is a shift that many people are unable to deal with and are more likely to commit suicide Two Types of Suicide (Related to Social Integration): 1. Egoistic Suicide: more individualized, no ties so no one to counter one’s idea of self worthlessness ie. Protestant (individuals) v. Catholic Nation (group oriented religion) 2. Altruistic Suicide: High social integration, extreme attachment leads to suicide for sake of the group ie. Jonestown, Kamikaze Pilots, 9/11 Sociology as a Social Science Social Science founded in research not just Common Sense Anecdotes v. Empirical Evidence Generalizations v. Category v. Stereotypes Generalizations: characteristic of objects within a category, defines similarities and differences with other categories Category: distinguishes one thing from another Generalizations help us understand the world Stereotypes: 1. Judgmental: value judgment 2. Absolute: applied to all in group 3. Overshadows all other categories 4. Not created carefully 5. Doesn’t change with evidence Social Science uses Generalizations to:
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1. Avoid Judgment: goal to understand 2. Rarely absolute: probabilities/ trends but exceptions 3. One category not all important 4. Based on evidence
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Soc 101 Test 1 Review - Soc 101 Test 1 Review Week 1...

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