SEX AND GENDER • Agrarian Societies —gender differences become pronounced—male sexual dominance is at its peak--gender inequality becomes institutionalized—men begin to consider themselves as inherently superior--the food production requires physical strength and women are regarded as “too weak”—private property, kinship systems and succession and inheritance, become more important—women are kept secluded to guarantee the “legitimacy” of the children--the development of agricultural surplus also creates class inequalities—four practices in agricultural societies contribute to the subordination of women so that women, as Kendall states, can be “secluded, subordinated and mutilated” —movements like the Taliban restore these inferiorities 1. Purdath —found mainly among Hindus and Muslims requires seclusion of women, extreme modesty in dress, and visible subordination of women (walk three steps behind men, for example, eat only when men have finished, speak only when spoken to)
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gender inequality- Henslin, circumcision Industrial Societies, sexual double- standard, Great photo essay