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Bureaucracy and Oligarchy

Bureaucracy and Oligarchy - GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS...

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GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS Bureaucracy and Oligarchy— sociologist Charles Perrow (1986) supports bureaucracies and claims that the high standard of living in industrialized countries is the result of the efficiencies of a bureaucratic organization—Robert Michels [see above] proposed the iron law of oligarchy : all bureaucracies tend to be ruled by a few—the concentration of power is harmful to individuals —may also, according to modern management theories, be harmful to the bureaucracy (cf. GM) —most “leaders” criticize Michels because he is, indirectly, criticizing them—an iron law is that officers of a bureaucracy maintain their positions by avoiding criticism—teflon leaders— Perrow wrote a wonderful article (though full of jargon) in Fall, 2005, on FEMA and Hurricane Katrina, analyzing the failure of a bureaucracy ALTERNATIVE FORMS OF ORGANIZATION Many people thought that a bureaucracy, far from creating progress, became an obstacle
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