SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODS CONVENTIONAL RESEARCH MODEL —(pp. 40-47-Kendall; 17-18 Henslin) follows eight basic steps—can be quantified—looking at rates , or patterns, and not at individual acts (as a novelist would, for example)—gives predictability, or tendencies, and possible alteration or prevention—can often use existing data bases as a beginning point--key vocabulary: Theory —a set of logically interrelated statements that attempt to explain, describe and predict social events Deductive approach —researcher begins with a theory and uses research to test the theory —follows this sequence 1. Theories generate hypotheses 2. Hypotheses lead to observations (data gathering) 3. Observations lead to generalizations 4. Generalizations either • Support the theory • Disprove the theory completely • Suggest modification to the theory Inductive approach —researcher starts with a collection of data and then develops a theory/hypothesis • Specific observations suggest generalization
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.