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Development of Sociology

Development of Sociology - Sociology scientific or...

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Sociology: scientific or systematic study of human social behavior Development of Sociology A. Emerged in 19th Century -- Two factors contributed to conversion. 1. Social upheavals of 19th Century Europe 2. Advancement of natural sciences Pioneers of Sociology A. Auguste Conte 1. 19th Century French philosopher 2. Sometimes called the Father of Sociology 3. Coined the word Sociology in 1838 Three (3) Stages Every Society Goes Through 1. Religious 2. Metaphysical (philosophical, abstract reasoning) 3. Scientific Comte: Two Branches of Science 1. Static -- study of the organization that allows societies to endure 2. Dynamics -- study of processes by which societies change B. Karl Marx 1. Underlying conflict, exploitation, and seeds of revolution 2. * Primary feature of society is not stability and interdependence but conflict and competition 3. Every society, past and present, is marked by social conflict *Class Conflict : a primary feature of society 1.
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