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THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE EMILE DURKHEIM (1858-1917)—main professional goal was to get sociology recognized as a separate academic discipline--a major critic of Spencer, he believed that human behavior and, more importantly, human potential, is socially based, not biologically—the very fact that Durkheim worries about human potential sets him apart from Spencer--social facts are patterns which exist outside any one individual—social structure rather than individual attitudes—lived in a time of social turmoil and became preoccupied with social order and stability— industrialization and urbanization were important—The first European department of sociology was founded in 1895 at the University of Bordeaux by Durkheim The Division of Labor in Society (1893) claimed that pre-industrial societies held together because members shared strong traditions and beliefs—in industrial society, economic activity
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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