Isaac Newton - THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE Isaac...

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THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE Isaac Newton (1642-1727)—scientific experiments that established heliocentrism, and, more importantly, the basic principle of scientific experimentation: that rational investigation can reveal the inner workings of the world, and often called “the greatest genius who ever lived” Charles Darwin (1809-1882)—a man who created enduring controversy by challenging the most fundamental religious assumptions of how the world was created and how humans got to be what we are—shows how scientific experiments cannot be distinguished from social implications Industrial Revolution —industrialization/urbanization—from 1760-1850, the rise of the factory system—end of small; family farms and of serfdom, creating whole new social environments and relationships—application of science to life activities and a shift of cultural assumptions The Enlightenment (a term filled with subjectivity ) —the philosophes created new ideas
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