Unformatted text preview: THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE MAIN SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES A perspective is a world-view—all-encompassing method of explaining why things happen —varying elements of control but theory is always derived from, and applies to, real society Microsociology Macrosociology Facts never interpret themselves—sociologists do it for them FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE —based on the assumption that society is a stable, orderly system, made up of interrelated parts that work together, like the human body—societal consensus—a pattern of related parts that function together—institutions help society “survive” (families, religion, schools)—Durkheim realized that rapid change creates strains that result in social problems, outing society into a pathological state OR is the functionalist perspective an excuse for inequality? Talcott Parsons (1902-1979) was the most important modern advocate of the functionalist perspective and stressed that societies must provide for meeting social needs in...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.
- Fall '10