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Unformatted text preview: THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE MAIN SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES A perspective is a world-viewall-encompassing method of explaining why things happen varying elements of control but theory is always derived from, and applies to, real society Microsociology Macrosociology Facts never interpret themselvessociologists do it for them FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE based on the assumption that society is a stable, orderly system, made up of interrelated parts that work together, like the human bodysocietal consensusa pattern of related parts that function togetherinstitutions help society survive (families, religion, schools)Durkheim realized that rapid change creates strains that result in social problems, outing society into a pathological state OR is the functionalist perspective an excuse for inequality? Talcott Parsons (1902-1979) was the most important modern advocate of the functionalist perspective and stressed that societies must provide for meeting social needs in...
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- Fall '10