Robert Merton - Sociology: scientific or systematic study...

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Sociology: scientific or systematic study of human social behavior Robert Merton: American Sociologist 1. Prominent, and classified functions into two types: A. Manifest functions : those which are intended and seem obvious. B. Latent functions : unintended and often unrecognized. [e.g. college/marriage] manifest/latent -reveals its deeper, underlying reality [e.g. prostitution--Davis, Kingsley] 2. Conflict Perspective : society is always changing, and always marked by conflict. A. Concentrate on social conflict -- See social change as beneficial and -- Assume social order is forcibly imposed by powerful on weak -- Criticize the status quo B. Originated largely from Karl Marx's writings -- Defined on broader scale than Marx's -- Today, define social conflict to mean conflict between unequal groups or segments of society C. Groups within society will have conflicting interests and values, and thus will compete with each other. Because of this perpetual competition, society is always changing.
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Robert Merton - Sociology: scientific or systematic study...

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