SOCIETIES - SOCIETY, SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND INTERACTION...

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SOCIETY, SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND INTERACTION SOCIETIES, TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIOCULTURAL CHANGE FOLLOW CHART 5.1 ON PP. 149--156 (KENDALL) and pp. 87 (HENSLIN) The big question is how do societies change, who are the agents of change, what are the causes of change and how does technology affect both social structure and social change 1. hunting and gathering (several million years to 10,000 years ago)— animism- a transient social order, constantly moving—no sense of permanence or predictability based on economy or technology—no formal religion or politics but only consensus of kinship groups—animism and polytheism are common, with a sense of helplessness in the face of the universe—since everything they hunt and gather is perishable, members cannot accumulate possessions— egalitarian----co-operative decisions, no inequality of wealth and no sense of private ownership—is this truly a “primitive” society? 2. horticultural and pastoral (13,000 B.C.-7,000 B.C.)—the First Social Revolution (domestication of plants and animals)--from collecting food to producing food using hand tools—caused by increase in population and
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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SOCIETIES - SOCIETY, SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND INTERACTION...

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