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SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON CRIME

SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON CRIME - DEVIANCE AND CRIME...

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DEVIANCE AND CRIME SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON CRIME See excellent chart on Kendall page 214 Functionalist perspective Emile Durkheim believed that deviance is rooted in social factors such as rapid social change and the lack of social integration— anomie leads to crime and the breakdown of organic solidarity—as social integration decreased, deviance and crime increased so Durkheim believed (1895) that deviance is a natural and inevitable part of all societies—the functionalists believe (!!) that deviance has positive impact by 1. deviance clarifies rules—society reaffirms its commitment to regulation 2. deviance unites a social group, reinforcing solidarity 3. deviance promotes social change—violators of social norms often lay the foundation for new norms— civil disobedience is one conscious and willful example Ironically, functionalists worry at the same time about a dysfunctional society—if too many people violate norms, then chaos follows—extreme is psychopaths Robert Merton
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