STABILITY AND CHANGE IN SOCIETIES

STABILITY AND CHANGE IN SOCIETIES - a large urban society...

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SOCIETY, SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND INTERACTION STABILITY AND CHANGE IN SOCIETIES Sociologists deal with these issues—for Durkheim the main issue (1893) was “How do societies manage to hold together?”—he believed that the division of labor was important and created the terms Mechanical solidarity —preindustrial society held together with a minimal division of labor—shared values and common bonds Organic solidarity— specialized tasks but united by a sense of mutual dependence —compared social relations to physiological interdependence of organs in the human body—people bound together by practical considerations Ferdinand Tonnies (1855-1936)—evaluated social solidarity, and expressed concern when there was social breakdowns Gemeinschaft (“commune” or “community) —traditional society where social relationships are based on personal bonds of friendship and kinship and on intergenerational stability Gesellschaft (“association”)
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Unformatted text preview: a large urban society in which social bonds are based on impersonal and specialized relationship, with little long-term commitments or consensus on values In a g esellschaft society like the U.S., people are supposed to be self-sufficient, and those who are now are often blamed for their own situationwhile other sociologists blame society for failures and look to social change MICROSOCIOLOGY Does social interaction give meaning to our lives? How? Are you controlled by what other people think of you?involves expectations and rolessocial interaction rituals Erving Goffman( 1963) created study of how individuals react to each other as part of a group--Civil Inattention : individual shows awareness of another but does not make this person the object of particular attentionalso described an interaction order that describes how people interactoften reactions are based on race/gender/class 1...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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