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SOCIETY, SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND INTERACTION STABILITY AND CHANGE IN SOCIETIES Sociologists deal with these issues—for Durkheim the main issue (1893) was “How do societies manage to hold together?”—he believed that the division of labor was important and created the terms Mechanical solidarity —preindustrial society held together with a minimal division of labor—shared values and common bonds Organic solidarity— specialized tasks but united by a sense of mutual dependence —compared social relations to physiological interdependence of organs in the human body—people bound together by practical considerations Ferdinand Tonnies (1855-1936)—evaluated social solidarity, and expressed concern when there was social breakdowns Gemeinschaft (“commune” or “community) —traditional society where social relationships are based on personal bonds of friendship and kinship and on intergenerational stability Gesellschaft (“association”)
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Unformatted text preview: —a large urban society in which social bonds are based on impersonal and specialized relationship, with little long-term commitments or consensus on values In a g esellschaft society like the U.S., people are supposed to be self-sufficient, and those who are now are often blamed for their own situation—while other sociologists blame society for failures and look to social change MICROSOCIOLOGY Does social interaction give meaning to our lives? How? Are you controlled by what other people think of you?—involves expectations and roles—social interaction rituals Erving Goffman( 1963) –created study of how individuals react to each other as part of a group--Civil Inattention : individual shows awareness of another but does not make this person the object of particular attention—also described an interaction order that describes how people interact—often reactions are based on race/gender/class 1...
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  • Fall '10
  • Bernhardt
  • Sociology, bonds Organic solidarity, terms Mechanical solidarity, social breakdowns Gemeinschaft, intergenerational stability Gesellschaft, SOCIETIES Sociologists deal

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