THEORIES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

THEORIES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT - SOCIALIZATION THEORIES OF...

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SOCIALIZATION THEORIES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) —the origin of personality--theory of psychoanalysis, which uncovers a subconscious —all human behavior and personality develop from the unconscious Id: the component of personality that includes all of an individual’s basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratification—also called psychic energy—all children are born with an id Ego: the rational, reality-oriented component of personality that imposes restrictions on the innate, pleasure-seeking drives—channels the drives of the id and allows individuals to live in a society with others Superego: conscience, or recognition of the moral and ethical aspects of personality—the “culture within us”— When the id dominates, people are selfish and heedless, breaking norms—when the ego dominates, people are too rigid and bound by convention—a healthy individual balances the id and the ego, a person with behavior problems cannot balance
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