SOCIAL CLASS IN THE UNITED STATES Weber’s Model of the US Class Structure (developed by Dennis Gilbert) 1. Upper (capitalist) class (about 1% of the population)—some sociologists divide this class into “old” and “new” money—sense of class supremacy, with all kinds of intangible consciousness 2. Upper middle-class (14% of the population)—based on a. university education b. authority and independence on the job c. high income 3. Middle-class (30% of the population)—college degrees, professional occupations —have been both secure and a base for advancing in the next generation, until the 1990s, when these factors made prospects look worse: a. escalating housing costs b. occupational insecurity c. blocked mobility on the job d. declining real wages 4. Working class (30% of population)—semiskilled operators, as well as some in the service sector—basic literacy and minimal training—less income and less security, based on frequent layoffs—very racist structure— 5. Working poor”(20% of population)—great quote on page 283 about the working
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