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sudan - southern regions as long as the states didn’t...

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Sudan is a war torn country like many of its neighbors in east Africa; consisting of political instability, civil war, and lack of modern living standards. Sudan is the largest country in Africa with a population of approximately forty million. The Sudanese have experienced two civil wars after gaining independence from the United Kingdom in 1956. The cause for most of the turmoil is the ethnic and economic differences between the northern and southern regions of Sudan. Northern Sudan consists of Muslim Arab’s with an industrial based economy as opposed to the southern regions whose peoples are agriculturally based with mixed non-Arab ethnic groups. The first civil war broke out in 1955 and ended in 1972; the Addis Ababa Agreement would provide peace for ten years in divided Sudan. The agreement ensured autonomy to the
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Unformatted text preview: southern regions as long as the states didn’t succeed. The violence and internal conflicts arose once again in Sudan as Gaffer Nimeiry took presidential office and violated the Addis Ababa Agreement. Nimeiry instilled Muslim law as civil law throughout Sudan, this act violated the southern states right to self rule and freedom of religion. Under Nimeiry’s orders any violation of these Muslim rules was punishable by law. This sparked the second civil war between the Muslim north and indigenous south in 1983. The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) was created to defend the southern states from northern Muslim opposition. SPLA consisted of many tribes and states fighting for the same cause under a united name....
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