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9.10 - Spatial Techniques and Glocalization Environmental...

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Spatial Techniques and Glocalization Environmental Geography: The study of the way humans interact with and change the natural environment. vs. cultural ecology Food resources and the Green Revolution : Increases in food production primarily from expansion of intensive, industrial agriculture into more traditionally farmed areas. Costs of Green Revolution: Environmental: -Fossil fuel use -Habitat damage -Water and air pollution Social: -Financial cost to farmers -Unequal access to necessary resources Spatial Techniques : The study of how space itself can be analyzed or presented Ex: Cartography, Geographic Information Systems Maps: Primary tool of the geographer Most effective tool for displaying spatial knowledge Also effective tool for analyzing spatial data o Spatial distributions and patterns cannot usually be seen at eye-level o Allow us to isolate phenomena Cartography: The art, science, ad technology of making maps Ramped up during voyages of discovery and in subsequent times of nationalism Ramped up again with introduction of software mapping programs – Automated Cartography ; SYMAP first widely used software mapping package, appeared in 1965 Geographic information Systems (GIS): Computer data based management system that facilitates the overlay analysis of two or more layers of geographic data.
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